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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2017 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Review of Cervical Carcinoma Screening Program in Tamil Nadu – Current Trend and Recommendations from a Histopathologist’s Viewpoint

Shifa S Ibrahim, Kamaleshwari Kesavaraj, Muthumani Arun, SA Mohamed Ameen, Raasi Sankar

Citation Information :

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10032-1095

Published Online: 00-00-0000

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Objectives

Cervical carcinoma, the commonest carcinoma affecting Indian females, is caused by human papilloma virus (HPV) infection. Primordial prevention and primary prevention with HPV vaccine and cancer screening respectively, can go a long way in preventing this carcinoma. The health system project in Tamil Nadu has done a commendable job in reducing the disease burden by introducing screening programs for cervical carcinoma at the grassroots level, way back in 2005. This study was done to evaluate the cervical biopsy specimens received as a part of this program to compute its incidence, compare the incidence among various districts, and suggest future directions based on our observations.

Materials and methods

From visual inspection with acetic acid/visual inspection with Lugol’s iodine positive cervical biopsy specimens, 506 were chosen randomly from various districts. Based on histopathological examination, incidence of individual lesions and district-wise incidence were calculated. Predictive factors that determine the progression of these lesions were analyzed based on the literature.

Results

Out of the 506 cervical biopsy specimens, 34 were unsatisfactory. The incidence of high-grade dysplasia peaked around 31 to 40 years, and squamous cell carcinoma peaked among 51 to 60 years. Madurai ranked high in the incidence of both high-grade dysplasia and carcinoma.

Conclusion

Incidence of dysplasia and carcinoma in our study was comparable to those seen in the literature. Integration of HPV deoxyribonucleic acid studies into the program can increase the detection rate, detect the progressors, help to identify the HPV species prevalent in an area, and aid in formulating cost-effective HPV vaccine cocktail.

How to cite this article

Ibrahim SS, Kesavaraj K, Arun M, Ameen SAM, Sankar R. Review of Cervical Carcinoma Screening Program in Tamil Nadu – Current Trend and Recommendations from a Histopathologist’s Viewpoint. J South Asian Feder Menopause Soc 2017;5(1):1-7.


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