Journal of SAFOMS

Register      Login

VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2017 ) > List of Articles


Vaginal Leiomyoma: Case Report and Literature Review

Mamta Gupta, Rita Jindal, Supriya Kumari, Namrata Nargotra

Citation Information : Gupta M, Jindal R, Kumari S, Nargotra N. Vaginal Leiomyoma: Case Report and Literature Review. J South Asian Feder Menopause Soc 2017; 5 (1):62-65.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10032-1107

Published Online: 01-07-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; The Author(s).



Leiomyoma arising from the vagina is a rare entity with varied presentations.

Case Report

A woman 44 years of age presented with complaints of something coming out vaginally, polymenorrhea, and pain in abdomen. A mass arising from the right posterolateral wall of vagina was seen. Ultrasound reported it to be cervical fibroid. The mass was enucleated through vaginal route. Histopathology confirmed it to be a leiomyoma. Review of literature revealed that it has a varied presentation. Diagnosis is often missed.


The condition should always be kept in mind whenever coming across any mass in vagina.

How to cite this article

Gupta M, Saini V, Jindal R, Kumari S, Nargotra N. Vaginal Leiomyoma: Case Report and Literature Review. J South Asian Feder Menopause Soc 2017;5(1):62-65.

  1. Vaginal fibromyomata: two cases with preoperative assessment, resection and reconstruction. Obstet Gynecol 1991 Nov;78(5 Pt 2):972-974.
  2. Myoma of the vagina. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1941;42:314-320.
  3. Vaginal wall leiomyoma: a rare entity – case report. J Dent Med Sci 2015 May;14(5):60-61.
  4. A rare case of giant vaginal fibromyoma. Intractable Rare Dis Res 2016 Feb;5(1):44-46.
  5. Leiomyoma: a common benign tumor at an unusual location. Proc Obstet Gynecol 2015 Aug;5(1):5.
  6. Vaginal leiomyoma: unusual case presentation. Indian J Clin Pract 2014 Mar;24(10):968-969.
  7. Vaginal leiomyoma: a case report and review of literature. J Women’s Med 2008;1(2):92-93.
  8. Vaginal wall fibroid. Arch Gynecol Obstet 2008 Sep;278(3):281-282.
  9. A rare case of vaginal leiomyoma diagnosed postoperatively. J South Asian Feder Obstet Gynaecol 2011 Sep-Dec;3(3):143-144.
  10. A rare case of vaginal fibroid presenting as urethrocele. Indian J Basic Appl Med Res 2016 Mar;5(2):824-827.
  11. An unusual presentation of a vaginal leiomyoma in a postmenopausal hysterectomised women: a case report. Cases J 2009 Mar;2:6461.
  12. Vaginal leiomyoma: a rare presentation. J South Asian Feder Obst Gynaecol 2014 May-Aug;6(2):112-113.
  13. A misdiagnosed vaginal leiomyoma: case report. Urol Case Rep 2015 May;3(3):82-83.
  14. A rare case of vaginal leiomyoma. PJMS 2014 Jul-Dec;4(2): 63-64.
  15. Vaginal leiomyoma presenting as polyp. J Sci 2015;5(10):915-916.
  16. A rare case of vaginal fibroid presenting as ovarian tumor. J Obstet Gynecol India 2006 Nov-Dec;56(6):537-538.
  17. Posterior vaginal wall fibroid in a postmenopausal lady: an unusual case report. Int J Sci Study 2015 Mar;2(12):186-188.
  18. Leiomyoma of the vagina: report of two cases. Pam Med J 2014;7(1):79-82.
  19. Vaginal leiomyoma: MRI features with pathologic correlation. Egypt J Radiol Nucl Med 2015 Feb;46(2):507-509.
  20. A case of vaginal leiomyoma: a rare entity. J South Asian Feder Obstet Gynaecol 2015 Dec;7(3):231-233.
  21. Vaginal paraurethral myxoid leiomyoma: case report and review of the literature. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct 2008 Aug;19(8):1183-1185.
  22. Vaginal leiomyoma. J Midlife Health 2011 Jan;2(1):42-43.
  23. Magnetic resonance imaging features of myxoid leiomyoma of the vagina: a case report. Indian J Radiol Imaging 2009 Jul-Sep;19(3):238-241.
  24. Vaginal leiomyoma presenting as dysfunctional uterine bleeding. Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2010 Dec;49(4):531-532.
  25. A vaginal leiomyoma followed as a cystocele for a long time: a case report. J Cases Obstet Gynecol 2016 Feb;3(2):64-67.
  26. Vaginal leiomyoma: a rare case of menometrorrhagia. Internet J Radiol 2007;9(1):1-4.
  27. Leiomyoma of vagina: an unusual presentation. J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2003 Dec;29(6):395-398.
  28. Sonographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings of an isolated vaginal leiomyoma. J Ultrasound Med 2007 Oct;26(10):1453-1456.
  29. MR imaging of an atypical vaginal leiomyoma. Am J Roentg 2002 Mar;178(3):752-754.
  30. Necrotizing ruptured vaginal leiomyoma mimicking a malignant neoplasm. Obstet Gynecol Sci 2014 Nov;57(6):560-563.
  31. Clinical and magnetic resonance imaging characteristics of vaginal and paraurethral leiomyomas: can they be diagnosed before surgery? BJU Int 2010 Jun;105(12):1686-1688.
  32. Translabial sonography of vaginal fibroids: report of 2 cases and review of the literature. J Ultrasound Med 2001 Aug;20(8):909-913.
  33. MRI of vaginal leiomyomas. J Comput Assist Tomogr 2001 May-Jun;25(3):355-357.
  34. Vaginal masses: magnetic resonance imaging features with pathologic correlation. Acta Radiol 2007 Oct;48(8):921-933.
  35. Tissue characterization in the female pelvis by means of MR imaging. Radiology 1999 Jul;212(1):5-18.
  36. Preoperative embolization of a large vaginal leiomyoma: report of a case and review of the literature. Australas Radiol 2006 Apr;50(2):179-182.
  37. A rare case of anterior vaginal wall leiomyoma. J Obstet Gynaecol India 2015 Apr;65(2):129-131.
  38. ; Robboy, SJ.; Bentley, R.; Kurman, RJ. Diseases of the vagina. In: Kurman RJ, editor. Blaustein’s pathology of the female genital tract. 4th ed. New York: Springer; 1994. p. 154.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.