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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2017 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

To Compare the Effectiveness of Vaginal High Uterosacral Ligament Suspension and McCall's Culdoplasty during Vaginal Hysterectomy for Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Krutika Bhalerao, Anuja V Bhalerao, Richa Garg

Citation Information : Bhalerao K, Bhalerao AV, Garg R. To Compare the Effectiveness of Vaginal High Uterosacral Ligament Suspension and McCall's Culdoplasty during Vaginal Hysterectomy for Pelvic Organ Prolapse. J South Asian Feder Menopause Soc 2017; 5 (2):81-86.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10032-1112

License: CC BY 3.0

Published Online: 01-12-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction

Vaginal vault prolapse can be prevented by supporting the vaginal cuff, which is an essential part of hysterectomy, whether done abdominally or vaginally. The American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists (AAGL) has recommended for future research, specifically, a randomized trial comparing McCall's culdoplasty (with uterosacral ligament plication) with vaginal high uterosacral ligament suspension (HUSLS) (without plication), since both procedures are accessible to gynecological surgeons without urologic background. Hence, this study was carried out.

Aim

To compare both anatomic and functional outcomes of patients undergoing vaginal HUSLS or McCall's culdoplasty at the time of vaginal hysterectomy.

Materials and methods

This hospital-based prospective comparative study was carried out at a tertiary care hospital from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015 over a period of 3 years after obtaining Ethical Committee approval. All women attending gynecological outpatient department having symptom of mass coming out of vagina were subjected to detailed history, examination, and later underwent either HUSLS (43) or McCall's culdoplasty (42), for vault suspension with concomitant hysterectomy. The effectiveness of both the procedures was assessed by preoperative and postoperative pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) and both were compared.

Observations

There was statistically significant improvement in all the sites of POP-Q points by HUSLS and McCall's culdoplasty as a method of vault suspension except in total vaginal length (TVL). Vault suspension by HUSLS is better than McCall's culdoplasty. All the points of POP-Q showed better results but the point C was significantly placed at a higher level by HUSLS (p = 0.000) as compared with McCall's culdoplasty. The time required for HUSLS was statistically more as compared with repair by McCall's culdoplasty (81.55/74.53 minutes, T: 1.981, p: 0.05). Complications, such as hemorrhage and ureteric injuries were more in HUSLS (2/43, 4.8%) as compared with McCall's culdoplasty (0/42); this is statistically significant.

Conclusion

High uterosacral ligament suspension provides excellent suspensory support to vaginal vault. Vagina is suspended over the levator ani with normal axis toward sacrum. By doing HUSLS, the vagina is symmetrically supported directed toward the hollow of sacrum. High uterosacral ligament suspension is highly recommended for young women with POP as vaginal length is not altered at all and so is the quality of life.

How to cite this article

Bhalerao AV, Bhalerao K, Garg R. To Compare the Effectiveness of Vaginal High Uterosacral Ligament Suspension and McCall's Culdoplasty during Vaginal Hysterectomy for Pelvic Organ Prolapse. J South Asian Feder Menopause Soc 2017;5(2):81-86.


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