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VOLUME 6 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2018 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Spectrum of Ovarian Lesions: A 3-year Retrospective Study in a Tertiary Care Center in Northwest India

Swati Swati, Purnima Pachori, Geeta Pachori

Keywords : Neoplastic, Non-neoplastic, Ovarian lesions

Citation Information : Swati S, Pachori P, Pachori G. Spectrum of Ovarian Lesions: A 3-year Retrospective Study in a Tertiary Care Center in Northwest India. J South Asian Feder Menopause Soc 2018; 6 (1):39-43.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10032-1133

Published Online: 01-06-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: This study was undertaken to determine the frequency of ovarian lesions and their clinicohistological features. Materials and methods: A retrospective study was conducted for a period of 3 years on 1,844 cases of ovarian lesions in Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Ajmer, from July 2013 to June 2016. The specimens were analyzed macroscopically and studied microscopically. The non-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions were classified as per standard protocols. Results: In a total 1,844 cases of ovarian masses, 1,736 (94.14%) were non-neoplastic and 108 (5.86%) were neoplastic. Among neoplastic lesions, 71.29% (77/108) were benign, 2.78% (3/108) were borderline, and 25.93% (28/108) were malignant. The commonest non-neoplastic lesion was follicular cyst (66.59%) followed by corpus luteal cyst (26.73%). Surface epithelial tumor was the commonest histological type of ovarian neoplasm. The commonest benign tumor was serous cystadenoma (30/77) followed by dermoid cyst (28/77). The commonest malignant tumor was serous cystadenocarcinoma (8/28) followed by metastatic tumors to ovary (7/28). Mean age of the subjects was 41.54 years, ranging from 9 to 76 years. Conclusion: Non-neoplastic lesions outnumbered the neoplastic ones. Among the neoplastic lesions, epithelial histology was the dominant type. Only a provisional diagnosis can be made on clinical grounds, exact specification of the lesion requires its histopathological examination. Clinical significance: Histopathological findings of ovarian lesions are further helpful in treatment and prognosis of the patients.


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