Introduction: Urinary incontinence (UI) is the unintentional or uncontrollable leakage of urine or the inability to control the urge to urinate in certain circumstances. Some of the causes of UI are pregnancy, urinary tract infection, smoking and alcohol consumption, chronic cough, parity, constipation, obesity, pelvic surgeries, activity level, and weakness of pelvic floor muscle. Among them, obesity correlates with the most UI. Obesity has wide-ranging effects on the body as it can cause diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, low back pain, infertility, osteoarthritis, depression, as well as it can affect the pelvic floor. Urinary incontinence affects physical activities, self-perception, self-confidence, and social activities, thus presenting with low quality of life.
Objective: To find correlation between body mass index (BMI) and UI in parous women.
Materials and methods: Hundred parous women from a tertiary care hospital, Belagavi, were screened for the study after meeting the inclusion criteria.
Results: The mean age of women with UI was 36.44 years. Among 100 parous women, 46 had high BMI, of which 29 women had complaints of UI.
Conclusion: The present study found that there is a significant difference of BMI in subjects with and without UI.
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