Relationship between Lifestyle, Body Mass Index, and Dietary Factors with the Equol Production
Anita D Anwar, Ruswana Anwar, Risa D Angganiawati, Kemala Mantilidewi, Budi Handono
Body mass index, Dietary factors, Equol production, Nutrition, Physical activity, Smoking
Citation Information :
Anwar AD, Anwar R, Angganiawati RD, Mantilidewi K, Handono B. Relationship between Lifestyle, Body Mass Index, and Dietary Factors with the Equol Production. J South Asian Feder Menopause Soc 2019; 7 (2):54-58.
Aim: This study was aimed to find the relationship between the lifestyle factor (smoking, physical activity), the body mass index, and the dietary component with the equol-producing phenotype. Our work can be useful as basic data to modify lifestyle and nutrition to improve the metabolism of equol production, which is needed for women's health. Materials and methods: Data were collected using the interview and the semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Equol was measured in urine and was collected after a 3-day soy challenge to determine equol-producing phenotypes. Results: The correlation analysis among lifestyle factors, the dietary component, with the equol-producing phenotype was performed. Data show that equol producers accounted in 60.7% of the participants. Smoking was significantly correlated to the equol-producing phenotype (p = 0.030; r = 0.224). Carbohydrate and dietary fiber were positively correlated with equol-producing phenotypes (p = 0.011; r = 0.202) and (p = 0.004; r = 0.218). No significant correlation was found between physical activity, BMI, dietary protein, and fat intake with equol-producing phenotypes (p = 0.677; r = 0.035), although we observed a lower dietary fat intake in equol producer compared to non-equol producer. Conclusion: These findings suggest that smoking habit, carbohydrate, and dietary fiber significantly influence equol-producing phenotypes. Clinical significance: Our study may be useful as basic data to modify lifestyle and nutrition to improve the metabolism of equol production, which is needed for women's health.
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