Background: Cervical cancer (CC) is the second most common cancer among women in India, while renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common malignancy of kidney with a rising trend. Association of RCC with other malignancies, such as bladder and rectal carcinoma, is well known but with pelvic tumors, such as CC, are rare.
Case description: A 45-year-old female P2L2 presented with the complain of foul-smelling discharge off and on and intermenstrual bleeding, was diagnosed having carcinoma cervix stage 2A, and later found to have RCC stage T1b on further evaluation. Patient underwent a radical hysterectomy with bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy with partial nephrectomy. Histopathology of renal specimen showed clear cell carcinoma with infiltrated margins, for which interval complete nephrectomy was performed.
Conclusion: There are only few reports of dual cancers of cervix and kidney in literature. The recent increase in incidence is ascribed to improving imaging facilities.
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